Missouri Weekly Hay Summary
JC_GR310  
Jefferson City, MO    Thu Jul 12, 2018    MO Dept of Ag-USDA Market News

Missouri Weekly Hay Summary - Week ending 07/13/2018

Dry and hot continue to be the theme in the state. Although the overall 
percentage of the state listed on the drought monitor has not changed much 
in the last couple of weeks; the severity of the drought has increased. Just 
over 8 percent of the state is now listed as D3 or extreme drought. Reports 
of farmers having to feed hay are becoming way to common and as is reports of 
increased culling of cattle herds as farmers try to figure out how to make 
grass last just a little longer.  After several weeks of unconfirmed reports 
of prices which anyone would have to say is pretty expensive those reports 
were confirmed multiple times this week. There is still hay being sold at what 
some are referring to as �last years� prices but regardless of what price level 
is being used one has to be in the right place at the right time because most 
hay is not staying on the market for very long before it is sold. Hay supplies 
are light. Demand is good to very good. Hay prices are steady to sharply higher. 
The Missouri Department of Agriculture has a hay directory available for both 
buyers and sellers. To be listed, or for a directory visit 
http://mda.mo.gov/abd/haydirectory/ for listings of hay 
http://agebb.missouri.edu/haylst/ (All prices f.o.b. and per ton unless 
specified and on most recent reported sales price listed as round bales 
based generally on 5x6 bales with weights of approximately 1200-1500 lbs).

Supreme quality Alfalfa (RFV <185) 180.00-250.00
small squares 6.50-9.00 per bale
Premium quality Alfalfa (RFV 170-180) 160.00-200.00
Good quality Alfalfa (RFV 150-170) 120.00-160.00 
small squares 5.00-7.00 per bale
Fair quality Alfalfa (RFV 130-150) 100.00-120.00 
 
Good quality Mixed Grass hay 100.00-200.00
Small squares 5.00-7.00 per bale (some alfalfa/grass mix)
Fair to Good quality Mixed Grass hay 60.00-150.00
small squares 4.00-5.50 per bale
Fair quality Mixed Grass hay 30.00-50.00 per large round bale 

Good quality Bromegrass 100.00-150.00
Fair to Good quality Bromegrass 60.00-100.00

Wheat straw 3.00-6.00 per small square bale



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Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)
Quality      ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%  **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% 
& 90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
sale (usage).
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Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
          Quality           Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay price
or value more than testing results.
=======================================================================
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
 
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
=======================================================================


Source: MO Dept of Ag-USDA Market News Service, Jefferson City, MO
        Tony Hancock, Market Reporter, 573-751-5618
        24 Hour Recorded Report 1-573-522-9244
        www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/JC_GR310.txt